hippocratic oath:

I swear to fulfil, to the best of my ability and judgment, this covenant:
I will respect the hard-won scientific gains of those physicians in whose steps I walk, and gladly share such knowledge as is mine with those who are to follow.

I will apply, for the benefit of the sick, all measures which are required, avoiding those twin traps of overtreatment and therapeutic nihilism.

I will remember that there is art to medicine as well as science, and that warmth, sympathy, and understanding may outweigh the surgeon's knife or the chemist's drug.
I will not be ashamed to say "I know not," nor will I fail to call in my colleagues when the skills of another are needed for a patient's recovery.

I will respect the privacy of my patients, for their problems are not disclosed to me that the world may know. Most especially must I tread with care in matters of life and death. If it is given me to save a life, all thanks. But it may also be within my power to take a life; this awesome responsibility must be faced with great humbleness and awareness of my own frailty. Above all, I must not play at God.
I will remember that I do not treat a fever chart, a cancerous growth, but a sick human being, whose illness may affect the person's family and economic stability. My responsibility includes these related problems, if I am to care adequately for the sick.

I will prevent disease whenever I can, for prevention is preferable to cure.
I will remember that I remain a member of society, with special obligations to all my fellow human beings, those sound of mind and body as well as the infirm.
If I do not violate this oath, may I enjoy life and art, respected while I live and remembered with affection thereafter. May I always act so as to preserve the finest traditions of my calling and may I long experience the joy of healing those who seek my help.




At this moment when I join the members of the medical profession, I openly declare and promise that I shall devote my life to humanity.
I swear on my honour
And freely
That I shall always keep
My respect and my indebtedness
To my teachers
That I shall perform my art
With care and rigour
As dictated by my conscience
That I shall regard as my primary duty
The health of my patients
And the community
That I shall respect the secrets of the people who expect my services
And keep them
That I shall sustain the honour and the pure traditions of the medicalprofession
That I shall consider my colleagues my brothers
That I shall not permit differences of
Political views or social class differences
To come between me and my patient
That I shall show absolute respect
For human life
That I shall not use my medical knowledge
In contravention of human values and laws
Even under duress